There are no specific therapies that can effectively cure patients with multiple sclerosis. However, there are a number of multiple sclerosis treatment options, particularly for the relapsing-remitting form of the disease. The two basic multiple sclerosis treatment approaches necessary in every treatment regimen are:
- Immunomodulation therapies which can control the inflammation of myelin sheaths and help in restoring the central nervous system.
- Supportive therapies to take care of the symptoms and exacerbations, so as to help the patient lead as normal a life as possible, even with MS.
- Some common medications prescribed to MS patients for immunomodulation therapy include Interferon beta-1a (administered intramuscularly) and Interferon beta-1b (injected subcutaneously), Natalizumab and Mitoxandron (administered intravenously).
- Emergency medications to treat exacerbations include intravenous immunoglobulins or plasmapheresis.
- Acute relapses can be treated with methylprednisolone and aggressive forms of MS can be treated with cyclophosphamide, which can stabilize the condition.