Developments of treatments for MS dominate my pick of the week’s news in MS News Today. Included is a vaccine and a new oral drug.
This is something a bit different because, usually vaccines are designed to prevent infection, to prevent disease. However, this time it’s all about a therapeutic vaccine developed to treat an existing illness; in this particular case, MS.
“Xemys is showing positive results in pre-clinical and clinical trials, and is soon to enter Phase 3 clinical testing. Xemys was developed by researchers at the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences and their colleagues.”
One to keep our eyes on, I feel.
We already knew that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had designated this as a Breakthrough product, which was announced a few weeks ago.
“The FDA is giving priority review to a request to approve Ocrevus (ocrelizumab) as a treatment. If Genentech’s Biologics License Application (BLA) is approved, Ocrevus will become the first drug able to treat patients with either relapsing or primary progressive MS.
By designating the review a priority, the FDA will make its decision within six months rather than the standard 10, and release that decision on December 28. Approval means the drug will be available for patients in the U.S. A similar regulatory process is underway in Europe, with the European Medicines Agency (EMA).”
The effect of vitamin D levels in people with MS is well-known, with many patients being advised to take supplements if they live in areas that lack sufficient sunshine.
“Now, a retrospective study of vitamin D status and disability progression in multiple sclerosis patients — using real-life, clinical data from a large and varied group — has found no correlation between the two, although vitamin D levels were seen to predict the occurrence of relapses rates in younger, patients.
The study, ‘Vitamin D Status Does Not Affect Disability Progression of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis over Three Year Follow-Up,’ was published in the open access journal PLOS One.
Low levels of vitamin D have been associated with an increased risk of developing MS. Relapse rates have also been reported to be higher in patients with lower vitamin D levels, when compared to levels during disease remission. In early relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), specifically, high levels of vitamin D correlated with increased probabilities for relapse-free periods.”
“A pilot study has demonstrated the benefits of PoNS Therapy — a combination of the investigational Portable Neuromodulation Stimulator (PoNS) device with physical therapy — in patients with advanced multiple sclerosis. Specifically, the treatment was seen to improve both patients’ quality of life, and physical and cognitive abilities.
The study, ‘Can Exercise Combined with Cranial Nerve Non-Invasive Neuromodulation (CN-NINM) Improve Mobility in Non-Ambulatory People with MS? a Case Study Series’ was developed by researchers at the Tactile Communication and Neurorehabilitation Laboratory (TCNL) at the University of Wisconsin, and presented at last month’s Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC) 2016 Annual Meeting in National Harbor, Maryland.”
Apparently, the “non-invasive” PoNS device was designed to deliver neurostimulation through the tongue (not sure I’d fancy that). It “has been shown to induce cranial nerve neuromodulation when combined with tailored physical, cognitive or occupational therapy programs, suggesting it could be of use in a variety of neurological diseases.”
“A new therapy, currently known as CHS-131, is the first of a new class of compounds that, in contrast to most MS drugs, has anti-inflammatory effects in the brain without being immunosuppressive. This is a feature that Coherus believes might make the drug a first-line treatment, either alone or combined with other MS drugs.
The company has reported that CHS-131 reduced the development rate of new brain lesions by nearly 50% in previously untreated relapsing-remitting MS patients. This took place in a Phase 2b trial (NCT02638038), randomizing patients to receive either CHS-131 or placebo, in a double-blind manner.”
It also showed the treatment did not give rise to many of the side effects linked to other oral MS drugs – and that’s got to be good news.
Note: Multiple Sclerosis News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website. The opinions expressed in this blog article are not those of Multiple Sclerosis News Today, or its parent company, BioNews Services, and are intended to spark discussion about issues pertaining to Multiple Sclerosis.