6 Quick Facts About Multiple Sclerosis

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by Wendy Henderson |

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There are still a lot of things we may not know about MS. To help you learn more about the disease, here’s six quick facts about multiple sclerosis you should know about, according to Last Second Medicine.



In multiple sclerosis disease, the myelin in the central nervous system (CNS) becomes damaged which causes lesions or plaques. The result is called demyelination. Demyelination happens in the brain and spinal cord.

Read our columnist Ian Franks’ views on remyelination studies here.


The cause of multiple sclerosis is unknown.

Read about how you can manage your MS on a day to day basis.


Multiple sclerosis is usually diagnosed in people between the ages of 15 and 50. It affects women two to three times more than men. For diagnosis, lesions in the central nervous system must happen over time and in different areas.

Read more about the diagnosis of multiple sclerosis here. 


Symptoms will differ depending on the areas of the central nervous system affected. Some symptom include mobility problems, numbness, vision problems, fatigue, and pain.

Learn more about symptoms of multiple sclerosis here.


Corticosteroids are used as medication to treat acute flare-ups. Immunomodulators are used to reduce the severity and frequency of flare-ups

Read about therapies for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis here.


There are four types of multiple sclerosis:

  • Relapsing/Remitting MS (RRMS)
  • Secondary Progressive MS (SPMS)
  • Primary Progressive MS (PPMS)
  • Progressive Relapsing MS (PRMS)

Read more about the distinctions between the different types of MS here.


Multiple Sclerosis News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.

Questions to Ask Your Doctor If You’re Newly Diagnosed

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We consulted some of our community contributors at MS News Today and came up with 12 questions people should consider asking their doctors after an MS diagnosis.

Check it out by clicking here.

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