11 Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis to Be Aware Of
Since every multiple sclerosis (MS) patient is believed to be affected differently, the common symptoms of MS can vary widely in their severity and nature.
The most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis include:
Fatigue, an intense feeling of tiredness often accompanied by a loss of the urge and ability to work or do daily tasks. This is a major reason for the long-term employment difficulties reported by people with MS. Fatigue is a common multiple sclerosis symptom, found in 80 percent of all cases.
According to a study fatigue, the most commonly reported symptom in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), is associated with disease comorbidities such as depression, irritable bowel syndrome, migraine, and anxiety.
2. Numbness and tingling of the face, body, arms, and legs
Numbness is often an early MS symptom, frequently reported prior to an MS diagnosis. Facial muscle twitching and trigeminal neuralgia have also been reported in patients.
3. Muscle spasms
Muscle spasms, causing stiffness in muscles of the limbs and most involuntary muscles.
Walking difficulties are a result of fatigue, spasticity (muscle tightness and resistance to movement), loss of the sense of balance, and a deficit in sensory nerve impulses.
Constipation is the most common symptom here, and bladder incontinence, while less common, is associated with constipation.
Pain, either neuropathic or musculoskeletal, has been reported by patients. One study found 50 to 55 percent of patients had either “clinically significant” chronic or occasional pain as a result of the disease.
9. Vision problems
Vision problems can also be an early disease symptom, and include blurred vision, double vision, temporary loss of vision, eye pain (especially when moving the eye), or color blindness. (Optical neuritis, due to damage to the optic nerve, is a complication of MS.)
10. Cognitive changes
Cognitive changes, such as problems with thinking or reasoning, learning, problem-solving, and planning are among the range of high-level brain functions affected by the disease.
11. Sexual problems
Sexual problems, including erectile dysfunction in men.
12. Emotional changes
Emotional changes, including depression, anxiety, and mood swings.
13. Less common symptoms
Some of the less common symptoms of MS include slurred or slow speech, tremors (uncontrolled shaking), dysphagia (swallowing problems), uncontrolled itching (sensations of being stabbed or pricked by needles), hearing loss, and headache.
Multiple Sclerosis News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or another qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.