For detection of multiple sclerosis, a set of criteria has been formulated (known as the McDonald Criteria) which, when confirmed, helps to initiate treatments for the disease, while further confirmatory tests can be performed to zero in on a definite case of multiple sclerosis.
The most important tools for confirming MS include:
1. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), which helps to detect the lesions caused as a result of demyelination. MRI is the most non-invasive and sensitive way of imaging the brain and spinal cord.
One of the teams that participated in the 10th anniversary of the MS Melbourne Cycle, an annual biking challenge to raise money for MS Australia, built a bicycle that as closely as possible replicates the physical difficulties and discomforts that typify multiple sclerosis (MS).