Klonopin, Rivotril, and Syn-clonazepam (clonazepam) are included in the benzodiazepine class of medicines from a group used as central nervous system depressants. Its mechanism of action is not very well understood, but it is believed that clonazepam enhances the activity of the central nervous system’s major inhibitory neurotransmitter, slowing it down. Clonazepam is mainly used to treat seizures and panic attacks, but it is sometimes used to treat tremor and to manage pain or spasticity in diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS) when other medicines fail.
Some side effects of clonazepam include drowsiness, problems with walking and coordination, dizziness, depression, fatigue, and problems with memory.
Clonazepam has a black box warning that appears on the prescription drug label to call attention to serious or life-threatening risks. Clonazepam and other drugs in the same class of medicines can result in profound sedation, breathing difficulties, depression, coma, and death.
Generic medicines are available.
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