There are no specific therapies that can effectively cure patients with multiple sclerosis. However, there are a number of multiple sclerosis treatment options, particularly for the relapsing-remitting form of the disease. The two basic multiple sclerosis treatment approaches that are necessary and helpful in treatment regimens are:
- Immunomodulation therapies which can control the inflammation of myelin sheaths and help restore the central nervous system.
- Supportive therapies to take care of the symptoms and exacerbations, to help the patient lead as normal a life as possible.
Some common medications prescribed to MS patients for immunomodulation therapy include interferon beta-1a (administered intramuscularly) and interferon beta-1b (injected subcutaneously), natalizumab, and mitoxandron (administered intravenously).
Emergency medications to treat exacerbations include intravenous immunoglobulins or plasmapheresis.
Acute relapses can be treated with methylprednisolone, and aggressive forms of MS can be treated with cyclophosphamide, which can stabilize the condition.
There is no FDA-approved drug currently available to treat the progressive forms of multiple sclerosis (PPMS and SPMS). However, a great deal of research has shed light on the potential of interferon beta-1b to treat the disease. The medications mentioned above are mostly for the relapsing forms of the disease.
A few immunomodulatory drugs under research include alemtuzumab (a monoclonal antibody granted Fast Track status by the FDA, for treatment of RRMS), daclizumab (anti-CD 25 antibody), ocrelizumab (anti-CD 20) and myelin peptide mixtures of MBP 89, PLP 139-151, and MOG 35-55.
Standard therapies are available from physicians on treating specific symptoms.
Apart from being a clinically significant condition, MS is also an emotionally stressful condition. An MS patient needs the emotional support of family members and loved ones. Regular counseling and rehabilitation therapy are also helpful and often necessary to help patients.
Maintaining personal hygiene and fitness. eating a healthy diet, going for routine check-ups to the physician, stress management, even acupuncture – all are important care strategies which help patients lead a normal life.
Read more about 4 types of multiple sclerosis.
Note: Multiple Sclerosis News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.