Deltasone (prednisone) is a corticosteroid. It prevents the release of substances that cause inflammation and also suppresses the immune system. The therapy is used to treat many conditions including allergic reactions, breathing difficulties, occasional symptoms of certain cancers, and relapse management in multiple sclerosis (MS).
Corticosteroids works in MS relapse management by closing the damaged blood-brain barrier and reducing inflammation in the central nervous system.
MS patients generally take a three- to five-day treatment of high dose intravenous corticosteroid followed by a gradual dose reduction via an oral corticosteroid (may last from 10 days to five or six weeks). Prednisone is usually the choice for this oral tapering off.
It may also be used orally if the corticosteroid for intravenous treatment is not desired or is contraindicated.
Prednisone should not be taken if a fungal infection is present. Because it weakens the immune system, people taking prednisone shouldn’t be around others who are sick or who have infections.
Some common side effects associated with prednisone include insomnia, mood changes, increased appetite, gradual weight gain, acne, increased sweating, skin problems, difficulties with healing wounds, headache, nausea and gastric disorders, and changes in the shape or location of body fat.
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