Depression, anxiety, fatigue, and sleep disturbances are relatively common conditions among MS patients, and they have a negative impact on their quality of life and general well-being.
Mindfulness, which has been defined as the psychological process that draws one’s attention to the present moment, has been gaining relevance in the area of chronic diseases due to its association with patients’ well-being.
However, longitudinal long-term data documenting the impact of mindfulness on MS patients’ quality of life, in particular, are rare.
Therefore, a team of researchers at Harvard University and collaborators set out to evaluate the long-term impact of two different types of mindfulness — Langerian and contemplative — on MS patients’ quality of life, anxiety, depression, fatigue, and sleep problems.
Langerian mindfulness “emphasizes the awareness of external stimuli, with no need to attend to one’s own thought processes,” the researchers wrote. It “does not involve meditation and is framed as a set of techniques or skills that can be transmitted through educational sessions that employ simple cognitive reframing exercises.”
In contrast, the contemplative type includes a meditation-based intervention that “calls attention to both internal and external stimuli, requiring metacognitive and introspective awareness.”
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