Conversely, higher self-esteem, self-efficacy, resilience, and social support were identified as protective factors for quality of life (QoL).
Review findings also showed that most psychological interventions, such as mindfulness, cognitive-behavioral therapy, self-help groups, and self-management, successfully improved QoL in these patients.
The review study, “Quality of life in adults with multiple sclerosis: a systematic review,” was published in the journal BMJ Open.
MS is characterized by a range of symptoms and an unpredictable prognosis that have the potential to severely impact patients’ QoL. MS disabilities can interfere with one’s ability to work or go to school, as well as with family and social dynamics. As such, people with MS tend to report a lower QoL, compared to people from the general population.
Identification of protective and detrimental risk factors is needed to implement strategies to improve MS patients’ QoL. This also will provide healthcare professionals with useful information on the impact of symptoms and therapy on patients’ life.
While there is a growing number of studies investigating QoL in MS patients, some findings have been inconsistent. Thus, a review of the current literature is needed to clarify which factors affect QoL.
Researchers at the University of Seville in Spain, along with collaborators at the University Hospital Bonn in Germany, conducted a systematic review by searching three medical databases for articles published between Jan. 1, 2014, and Jan. 31, 2019, using the keywords “multiple sclerosis” and “quality of life” or “health-related quality of life” or “well-being” or “life satisfaction.”
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