immune tolerance

Heart Medication Digoxin Helps With Remyelination in Early Study

Digoxin, an approved medication for certain heart conditions, promoted the repair of myelin — the protective sheath around nerve fibers that is progressively lost in multiple sclerosis — in mouse models of the disease, a study reports. Combining digoxin with an experimental immune-modulating therapy was more effective at promoting myelin…

How Vitamin D Modulates Immune System Activity Detailed in Study

Vitamin D can influence the immune system’s tolerance to certain proteins by changing how DNA is packaged in specific immune cells called dendritic cells, according to a new study. Its findings could have implications for treating diseases like multiple sclerosis (MS) that are characterized by the immune system attacking…

Phase 1 Trial of ANK-700 for RRMS Advancing to Multiple Doses

A Phase 1 clinical trial investigating the safety and tolerability of Anokion‘s ANK-700 in people with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) has begun enrolling patients for its multiple ascending dose part. This opening of the study’s second part follows positive safety signs in patients given the one of two doses of…

Dosing Begins in Trial of Anokion’s ANK-700 for RRMS

A Phase 1 clinical trial investigating ANK-700 as a means to restore immune tolerance to myelin in people multiple sclerosis (MS) has begun dosing participants. Currently recruiting at a single site in Tennessee, the trial (NCT04602390) is expected to enroll up to 40 patients with relapsing-remitting…

Topas and Lily Are Partnering to Develop Therapies for Autoimmune Disorders

Topas Therapeutics and Eli Lilly and Company are teaming up to develop compounds that could be used to treat inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and diabetes. The compounds, based on a Topas technology platform, will be aimed at restoring immune tolerance. Immune tolerance refers to the immune system being unresponsive to certain antigens — for instance, the body’s own proteins. Without immune tolerance, the body can generate an excessive immune response that prompts the immune system to attack healthy organs or tissue — a process called autoimmunity Under the multiyear agreement, Topas will receive research and development funding. It will also receive financial rewards from the success of any drug developed under the collaboration. The agreement will give Lilly the option to license all therapies created under the collaboration, and to develop them further. "We are excited to be working with Lilly to generate drug candidates using our proprietary technology," Timm Jessen, the CEO of Topas Therapeutics, said in a press release. "We expect this work to support the value of our approach" of triggering immune tolerance against antigens, he said. The fact that an important pharmaceutical company like Lilly is interested "in our technology, we believe, supports the strong commercial potential of our work." Topas develops compounds against autoimmune reactions — that is, situations in which the immune system attacks healthy parts of the body. It is already developing treatments for multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, celiac disease, and other autoimmune disorders. While the majority of such therapies try to shut down the immune system, Topas’ approach is to trigger antigen-specific immune tolerance. This allows the body to regain control over an excessive immune response, while sparing the body's normal immunity. Topas links its compounds to tiny nanoparticles that liver sinusoidal endothelial cells can absorb. The liver cells are the first place where immune T-cells can learn what the body should not fight against. In studies of mice with multiple sclerosis, a single injection of nanoparticles containing peptides found in neurons triggered a potent protective effect, improving the disease's symptoms and blocking its progression. Peptides are components of proteins. "Lilly is committed to be an innovation leader in immunology," said Dr. Thomas F. Bumol, senior vice president of biotechnology and immunology research at Lilly. "Topas has a very novel approach to immune tolerance induction, which we would like to see successfully applied to certain disease-relevant antigens. We look forward to working together with Topas on their unique platform."

Tiny Particles Carrying Myelin Antigens Seen to Restore Immune Tolerance in MS Mice Model

Researchers managed to change the immune system — replacing inflammation with immune tolerance — in a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS) using so-called quantum dots, or nano-sized particles carrying pieces of myelin. Experiments with this advanced technological solution may help researchers design MS therapies that are based on promoting regulatory T-cells rather…