People with MS can experience a variety of symptoms with varying degrees of severity. Every patient experiences MS symptoms differently according to the part of the central nervous system that is affected and to what degree.
The symptoms can be a combination of different health problems, from motor control (including muscular spasms and problems with weakness, coordination, balance, and functioning of the arms and legs), to fatigue, bladder and bowel issues, sexual dysfunction, neuropsychological symptoms (including memory loss, depression, emotional changes, and cognitive difficulties), and other neurological symptoms (including vertigo, pain and visual disturbances).
Managing symptoms usually involves pharmaceutical treatments combined with physical therapies and lifestyle adaptions and supports.
A wide variety of medications is available to help manage multiple sclerosis symptoms.
Here are the common symptoms of MS and therapies usually prescribed for them.
- Muscular Spasms (also called spasticity, when the muscles contract, become stiff, or spasm involuntary)
- Tremors (uncontrollable shaking that can occur in different parts of the body)
- Walking (gait) difficulties (among the most common limitation in people with MS, and are related to muscle weakness, spasticity, balance, sensory deficit, and fatigue)
- Fatigue (occurs in about 80 percent of patients and is one of the main causes of early retirements)
- Bladder problems (include dysfunction and infection)
- Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA)
- DDAVP Nasal Spray (desmopressin)
- Detrol (tolterodine)
- Ditropan (oxybutynin), Ditropan XL
- Enablex (darifenacin)
- Flomax (tamsulosin)
- Hytrin (terazosin)
- Minipress (prazosin)
- Oxytrol (oxybutynin)
- Pro-Banthine (propantheline)
- Sanctura (trospium chloride)
- Tofranil (imipramine)
- Vesicare (solifenacin succinate)
- Bowel dysfunction
- Sexual problems
- Emotional changes
- Nuedexta (dextromethorphan + quinidine)
- Vertigo and Dizziness
Note: Multiple Sclerosis News Today is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.